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Steel Cutting Blog


If you’re passionate about metal cutting or just keen to learn more, you’ve landed in the right place. 


For over 38 years, Amber Steel has been at the forefront of metal cutting services, specializing in laser cutting, flame cutting, and plasma cutting. Our expertise has carved a niche in this cutting-edge industry, delivering precision and excellence across industrial projects big and small. 


In our blog, we’ll share a mix of useful tips, innovative applications, our thoughts on sustainability in steel cutting, and more. Expect stories from the cutting floor, insights into how our processes can streamline projects across industries, and a few lessons we’ve learned along the way. 


While we keep some of our trade secrets under wraps, this blog is designed to offer valuable nuggets of wisdom that you simply won't find anywhere else. Whether you’re a professional in the industry or someone fascinated by the possibilities of metal cutting, you'll find something of value here. 


So, stick with us as we delve into the finer points of metal work. We’re glad to share our insights and lead discussions that matter to our industry. 




New to Steel Cutting? Start with the Basics 


Explore our Steel Cutting Blog by Topic 



How precision metal cutting propels the aerospace industry, from constructing lighter frames to enhancing aerodynamics. 



The role of advanced metal cutting in automotive manufacturing, driving innovations in vehicle design and efficiency. 


Flame Cutting 

All about the robust and versatile process of flame cutting, ideal for tackling thicker metals with precision and ease. 



Discover the art of crafting metal furniture, where cutting techniques meet design to create both functional and aesthetic pieces. 


How It Works 

A behind-the-scenes look at the mechanics of metal cutting technologies and the science that makes them tick. 


Laser Cutting 

Laser cutting is where extreme precision meets efficiency, allowing for intricate designs and clean finishes. 


Medical Devices 

The critical role of precise steel cutting in developing reliable and intricate medical devices. 


Oil and Gas 

How steel cutting supports the oil and gas industry with components that withstand extreme environments and pressures. 


Plasma Cutting 

Known for its speed and versatility, plasma cutting slices through conductive metals with hot plasma. 



Safety first! Tips and insights on maintaining a safe environment while handling powerful metal cutting equipment. 


Structural Steel Fabrication 

The backbone of construction, where steel fabrication and cutting technologies create frameworks that shape skylines. 



A look at sustainability in metal cutting, focusing on practices that reduce waste and conserve energy to protect our planet. 


Plasma Cutting vs. Laser Cutting: Choosing the Right Method

Plasma cutting.


Metal fabrication isn't just about getting the job done; it's about doing it with precision and efficiency. As technology has evolved, so have the methods for cutting metal, giving businesses like yours a range of options to fit your needs.  


Two key players in this arena are plasma cutting and laser cutting. Each has its own set of strengths and weaknesses, and picking the right one can make a big difference in terms of quality, cost, and production speed


Plasma cutting is the go-to for thick metal, offering a quick and cost-effective way to cut components that can be refined with further processing. Laser cutting, in contrast, is all about precision. It's your best bet for intricate patterns and detailed work where clean cuts are crucial. 


So, how do you choose between the high-speed plasma cutting and the detail-oriented laser cutting? 


In this blog post, we will get into the nitty-gritty of these two technologies. We'll talk about how we decide which method is best for your project, considering factors like the material, design complexity, the quality of edges, and how much you need to make. We'll also give real-life examples of how these factors come into play, from building components to parts for cars. 


We're here to guide you through the process of choosing the right metal cutting technique, saving you time and money, and making sure you get the quality you're after. Whether it's the power of plasma cutting or the sharp precision of laser technology, our goal is to match our know-how with your project requirements, giving you results that not only meet but exceed your expectations. 


At Amber Steel, we specialize in laser, plasma and flame cutting, and have always been a "total source" service for the production of quality steel products. Quality is achieved by utilizing the right production technique for the right product. Our continual investment in equipment and technology enables us to offer clients many production alternatives to achieve exact product specifications and tolerances. If you’re interested in learning more about steel cutting or have a project in mind that you would need our expertise on, do not hesitate to reach out. We’re always one email or phone call away. 



What is Plasma Cutting? 

Plasma cutting is a technique used to slice through electrically conductive materials with an accelerated stream of hot plasma.


Suitable for a range of materials such as steel, stainless steel, aluminum, brass, copper, and other metals capable of conducting electricity, plasma cutting stands out for its efficiency


The mechanism of plasma cutting is straightforward. The machine initiates an electrical arc which passes through a narrow opening, carrying along with it a gas — which can vary from argon, oxygen, nitrogen, to even regular compressed air found in shops. This gas is then elevated to an extreme temperature and ionized to form plasma.  


This state of matter, known as plasma, carries a significant number of free-moving ions and electrons, created by adding energy to a gas until some electrons are forced out of their atoms. 


With a temperature that can soar to tens of thousands of degrees Fahrenheit, the plasma effectively melts the metal upon contact. The force of the gas stream expels the molten metal, achieving a precise cut. This method is celebrated for its speed and adaptability, especially with substantial materials, making it a go-to choice for hefty industrial applications.  


While it comes with a more accessible price tag than laser cutting, it trades off some level of precision and is better suited for thicker materials. 



What is Laser Cutting? 

Laser cutting is a refined process that employs a concentrated light beam — a laser — to cut materials. In industrial settings, the lasers of choice are often CO2 lasers and fiber lasers due to their efficacy. 


Laser cutting machine cutting parts.


The laser cutting operation is conducted with precision: a laser beam is finely focused on the material that needs cutting. The material then absorbs the laser energy, leading to melting, burning, or vaporization. A stream of gas often aids in clearing the melted or vaporized residues away from the cut. 


What makes laser cutting exceptionally accurate is the computer-guided system that steers the laser beam, permitting cuts with extreme exactitude. The technology is ideal for complex patterns and projects requiring meticulous attention to detail.  


While it is remarkably swift and energy-efficient for thinner materials, laser cutting generally incurs higher costs compared to plasma cutting and is limited by the material thickness it can handle effectively. 



Plasma vs. Laser Cutting: Choosing the Right Cutting Method 

At Amber Steel, we're dedicated to delivering the right cutting solutions for your industrial projects. Deciding if plasma or laser cutting is the best fit involves a detailed analysis that aims to enhance your project based on its specific needs. 


We kick off our process by looking closely at the key factors of your project: 


Material Considerations 

If you're working with thick steel, plasma cutting usually comes out on top due to its ability to slice through heavy material with ease. 


For metals like aluminum or stainless steel that reflect light, our fiber lasers provide neater, more efficient cuts, making laser cutting the better option. 


Design Requirements 

When your project calls for extremely precise details and edges, laser cutting takes the lead. It's the go-to for sharp detail and precision. 


Edge Finish and Precision 

If you need a superior finish and tight tolerances, laser cutting is your best bet. It's known for high precision and leaves behind a smoother cut surface. 


Quantity and Efficiency 

For bigger batches and thicker materials, plasma cutting is the quicker choice. Laser cutting wins when it comes to thinner materials, offering both speed and accuracy. 


Making the Decision 

Our skill lies in matching your project's needs with the ideal cutting method. Our years of experience have refined our ability to tweak machine settings perfectly—from the power used and the speed of the cut to the exact focus of our lasers or the gas flow in plasma cutting—to ensure impeccable cut quality. 


Cost is always a consideration. We strive to provide a cost-effective approach without cutting corners on quality. We consider everything from how much material is used and how quickly we can cut it, to the labor involved, ensuring an affordable yet superior result. 


Working with Amber Steel gives you access to our expertise. We help you save on costs where precision or speed isn't necessary, thanks to our deep knowledge of what our machines can do and how different materials react. This means cost savings for you, and a final product that aims to not just meet but surpass your expectations. Contact us for more information about our plasma and laser cutting services



Examples of the Decision-Making Process 

The choice between plasma and laser cutting in large-scale industrial production is determined by a number of factors, including the scope of production. Here are some hypothetical scenarios that illustrate how you might choose the appropriate cutting method. 


Example 1: Manufacturing of Construction Components 


Scenario: A construction company requires the cutting of numerous steel beams into precise lengths, with the inclusion of various holes and notches. 


Decision Process

  • Material and Thickness: The density of steel beams leans towards plasma cutting as the initial option. 

  • Precision Requirements: The precision necessary for holes and notches is important, but the tolerances for construction components are generally less stringent. 

  • Scale and Efficiency: The vast number of beams needed suggests plasma cutting for its time and cost-efficiency. 

  • End Product Use: In construction, where the finish is not as critical, the exceptional surface quality of laser cutting is not a necessity. 


Conclusion: The facility would likely opt for plasma cutting, favouring its rapid throughput and cost efficiency for an application where the high precision and finish of laser cutting are not critical. 


Example 2: Production of Automotive Parts 


Scenario: An automotive company needs a large volume of detailed flat metal parts for car bodywork, demanding uniformity and exactness. 


Decision Process

  • Material and Thickness: Thinner metal sheets, typical for automotive parts, are ideal candidates for laser cutting. 

  • Precision Requirements: The intricate nature and close tolerances of automotive components make the high precision of laser cutting beneficial. 

  • Scale and Reproducibility: The repeatability of laser cutting systems is crucial to ensure consistency across all parts, which is crucial in the automotive industry. 

  • Speed Considerations: For thinner materials, laser cutting is convenient and might surpass plasma cutting for extensive orders. 


Conclusion: Laser cutting is likely to be the method of choice for its ability to meet the stringent precision and consistency requirements of automotive parts production, regardless of the higher per-unit cost. 


Example 3: Fabrication of Heavy Equipment Parts 


Scenario: A manufacturer requires durable components for agricultural machinery, designed to withstand significant stress and wear. 


Decision Process

  • Material and Thickness: Thick metals, which are standard for heavy equipment, can be effectively processed by plasma cutting. 

  • Durability and Strength: The greater heat-affected zone from plasma cutting is not a major concern here due to the emphasis on durability over fine precision. 

  • Cost Considerations: Plasma cutting's cost advantage could yield substantial savings for a large-scale order. 

  • Cut Quality: The less refined cut quality from plasma is acceptable; subsequent machining can refine the parts to the desired specifications. 


Conclusion: Plasma cutting is chosen for its efficiency in handling thick materials and its cost-effectiveness, which matches the project's need for durability and budgetary efficiency. 


Example 4: Production of Energy Sector Components 


Scenario: An energy sector business requires the precision cutting of metal plates for solar panel frames, which must be exact and have a clean appearance for both aesthetics and functionality. 


Decision Process

  • Material and Thickness: Mid-range thickness aluminum suitable for both plasma and laser cutting is to be used. 

  • Aesthetic and Precision Needs: The aesthetic visibility of the frames necessitates the high precision and clean cuts that laser cutting offers. 

  • Reflective Material: Aluminum's reflective nature is well-managed by fiber laser cutters, making them a viable option. 

  • Volume and Turnaround: Despite potentially slower speeds, laser cutting may meet the production deadline without exorbitant costs. 


Conclusion: Laser cutting is chosen for its precision and the superior edge quality imperative for the aesthetics and functionality of the solar panel frames. 



Final Thoughts 

Choosing between plasma cutting and laser cutting goes beyond comparing their technical aspects; it's about aligning the optimal technique with your project's specific requirements.  


At Amber Steel, we specialize in laser, plasma and flame cutting, and have always been a "total source" service for the production of quality steel products. Quality is achieved by utilizing the right production technique for the right product. Our continual investment in equipment and technology enables us to offer clients many production alternatives to achieve exact product specifications and tolerances. If you’re interested in learning more about steel cutting or have a project in mind that you would need our expertise on, do not hesitate to reach out. We’re always one email or phone call away. 




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